List of land mammals from A to Z A  B     C E  G H K L M O P R S  T W Z  

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Proboscidea Family: Elephantidae Genus: Loxodonta Species : Loxodonta africana Name Common name: African  Scientific name: Loxodonta africana 0 0 Species Genetic evidence suggests that there may be at least 2 species of African  the Savanna elephant (Loxodonta africana africana) and the Forest elephant (Loxodonta africana cyclotis). According […]

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 Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Artiodactyla Camelidae Vicugna Vicugna pacos   0 Name: Scientific Name: Vicugna pacos Common Name: Alpaca Habitat and Distribution The alpaca is a camelid indigenous to the Andes Mountains of Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador and Chile. Other camelids closely related to the alpaca are llama, guanaco […]

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o o Interesting Facts The Andean Titi Monkey belongs to the genus Callicebus. There are 30 species of titis that belong to this genus. The Andean Titi is locally known as “mono tocon” or in the native Awajun language as the “sugkamat”. Their tails are longer than their bodies. Name Scientific Name: Callicebus oenanthe Common Name: San Martin […]

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o o Physical Features The Asian elephant is the largest mammal in Asia. It is smaller than the African elephant and can be distinguished by the smaller size of their ears, rounded or convex back and smoother skin. Its trunk or proboscis has a single finger-like extension as opposed to the African elephant that has […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Ursidae Ursus Ursus thibetanus 0 0 Name Common Name: Asiatic black bear, Asian black bear, Himalayan Black bear, Tibetan black bear, moon bear. Scientific Name: Ursus thibetanus Distribution and Habitat The Asiatic black bear has a wide distribution. Its range covers southeastern Iran, […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Ursidae Ursus Ursus Americanus   0 0 Name Scientific name: Ursus Americanus. Common name: American black bear, Olympic black bear. Physical Features The black bear is the smallest of the North American bears. The other North American bears are the and the  They have […]

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Interesting Facts The last common ancestor of today’s apes and humans lived about 18 million years ago. Humans and Pan (chimps and bonobos) diverged 5 to 8 million years ago. One explanation for the genetic separation between bonobos and is the formation of the Congo River about 1.5 million years ago which divided the population preventing […]

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Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Perissodactyla Rhinocerotidae Diceros D. bicornis   o o Conservation The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species lists the Black Rhino as Critically Endangered. The species is listed on CITES Appendix I. International trade in Black Rhinos and their products is prohibited. Fun Facts about Rhinos […]

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Taxonomy   0 Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Ursidae Ursus  Ursus arctos   0 Name Common name: Brown bear, grizzly, grizzly bear. Scientific name: Ursus arctos. Distribution The brown bear has a circumpolar distribution historically covering most of North America, northern Asia, Europe, the Atlas Mountains of North Africa […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phyum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Lynx Species: Lynx Canadensis 0 Name Common name: Canadian lynx. Scientific name: Lynx Canadensis Its name comes from the Greek word to “shine”, maybe in reference to their reflective cat eyes. Physical Features The Canadian lynx is a medium size wild cat. Canadian […]

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  Taxonomy Kingdon: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Rodentia Family: Caviidae Genus: Hydrochoerus Species: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris Name Common Name: Capybara Scientific Name: Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris o o Distribution and Habitat Capybaras are distributed throughout the basins of the Orinoco, Amazon, San Francisco and La Plata Rivers. Water and temperature are the main factors in its distribution. […]

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  0 Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Acinonyx Species: Acinonyx Jubatus 0 Name Common name: Cheetah, hunting leopard. Scientific name: Acinonyx Jubatus. Physical Features Cheetahs have coarse short tan fur with black one inch black spots that serve as camouflage. They are distinguished from other big cats by their smaller size, spotted […]

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Interesting Facts Genetic studies show that chimpanzees and humans share a common ancestor and 98% of genes. Because we are so similar chimpanzees get many infectious diseases that humans get. Chimps belong to the group of greater apes along with gorillas, bonobos and . They are stronger than humans because of the way neurons activate […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genera Animalia Chordata Mammal Proboscidea Elephantidae Loxodonta Elephas 0 0  Distribution and Habitat There are two subspecies of elephants:  and Asian elephant (Eliphas maximus). are distributed throughout sub-Saharan Africa and found in 37 countries. Asian elephants are found throughout South Asia and Southeast Asia. Elephants need a vast habitat […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Genus: Ailuropoda Species: o o Name Common name: Giant panda, panda bear, panda. Scientific Name: Ailuropoda melanoleuca Distribution and Habitat Historically the giant panda occupied most of southern and eastern China. Today its distribution has been reduced by 92% from its original range. Currently […]

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0 Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Giraffidae Genus: Giraffa Species: Giraffa camelopardalis  Name Common name: Giraffe. The name giraffe comes from the Arabic “zarafa” which means fast walker. Scientific name: Giraffa camelopardalis 0 Distribution and Habitat Their habitat extends from Chad in the north to South Africa in the south and […]

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Name Scientific name: Equus grevyi. The word equus is from the Latin word for “horse”.  This species was named Grevyi after Jules Grèvy, president of the Third Republic of France in the late 18th century who was given one of these zebras as a gift in 1882. Common name: Grevy’s zebra, Imperial zebra. The word […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Hippopotamidae Genus: Hippopotamus Species: Hippopotamus amphibious 0 0 Name Common name: Common hippopotamus, river hippopotamus, Nile Hippopotamus, large hippo. Scientific name: Hippopotamus amphibious. Hippos from the Greek word “horse”, potamos from the Greek “river or rushing water”. Physical Features The common or river hippopotamus is […]

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  0 Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Infraclass: Marsupialia Order: Diprotodontia Suborder: Vombatiformes Family: Phascolarctidae Genus: Phascolarctos Species: Phascolarctos cinereus 0    Physical Features According to the Department of the Environment of the Australian government there is only one species of Koala with different physical features. Their fur ranges from silver gray to […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Panthera Panthera pardus o o Name Scientific name: Panthera pardus. Panthera is derived from the Latin word panthera or the Greek word panther meaning “panther, leopard”. Pardus is derived from the Latin pardus or from the Greek pardos meaning “male panther”. Common […]

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  Interesting Facts about Gorillas Gorillas are our closest relatives. They share 98% of our genome. American zoologist George B. Schaller was the first scientist to study and observed gorillas. He published his findings in his book “The Mountain Gorilla: Ecology and Behavior” Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order Primates Suborder: Haplorhini Family: […]

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Interesting Facts The two species of orangutan, Sumatran Orangutan (pongo abelii) and Borneo Orangutan (pongo pygmaeus), genetically diverged about 1.5 million years ago. Orangutans have 32 teeth, the same amount as humans. It is believed that humans and apes had a common ancestor 15 million years ago. They share 97% of their DNA with humans. Orangutans are […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animal Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Artiodactyla Family: Hippopotamidae Genus: Choeropsis Species: Choeropsis liberiensis o o 0 Population The IUCN estimates a population of less than 3,000 individuals with a projected decline of 20% over the next 20 years. Name Scientific name: Hexaprotodon liberiensis or Choeropsis liberiensis. Choeropsis from the Greek “having the […]

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0 Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylom: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Procyoniade Genus: Procyon Species: Procyon lotor Name Common name: Raccoon, northern raccoon. Scientific name: Procyon lotor Physical Features Raccoon’s bodies are covered in a thick gray coat. They have an undercoat that accounts for 90% of its entire coat and insulates them from cold weather. […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Ursidae Melursus Melursus ursinus 0 0 Name Common name: Sloth bear. Scientific name: Melursus ursinus Sloth bears are not related to sloths. George Shaw, a European zoologist, believed they were related. He named this species for features they share with tree sloths such […]

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0 Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Мammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Subfamily: Pantherinae Genus: Panthera Species: Panthera Uncia 0   Physical Features Despite their name, snow leopards (Panthera Uncia) are not the color of the snow. Their fur color varies from smoky gray to yellowish brown with black spots and rosettes. They stand out against […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Genus: Tremarctos Species: Tremarctos ornatus . . Name Scientific name: Tremarctos ornatus Common name: Spectacled bear, Andean bear, jukumari (Aymara), ukumari (Quechua), Ukuku. Distribution and Habitat The spectacled bear is the only surviving bear species endemic to South America. Its distribution is concentrated in […]

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  Population and Conservation Status The South China Tiger is the most critically endangered species of tiger in the world. There are about two dozen in world in reserves in China and South Africa. According to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature this subspecies may be functionally extinct as it has not been observed […]

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Interesting Facts A calf born in the Cincinnati Zoo in Ohio was the first Sumatran Rhinoceros born in captivity in over 100 years. There are fewer than 250 Sumatran Rhinoceros in the wild, they are so endangered that they are one of the rarest large mammals in the world. There are five types of rhinoceros: […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom: Animalia Phyllum: Chordata Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Ursidae Genus: Helarctos Species: Helarctos malayanus     oName Scientific name: Helarctos malayanus. Common name: Honey bear, sun bear. Named for its distinctive sun like colored chest patch. Distribution and Habitat Its range covers the countries of Bangladesh, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, […]

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Taxonomy Kingdom Phylum Class Order Family Genus Species Animalia Chordata Mammalia Carnivora Felidae Panthera Panthera tigris 0   0 Name Scientific name: Panthera tigris. Common name: Tiger. Distribution There are 8 recognized subspecies of tigers living in 13 Asian countries: India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Myanmar, China, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Malaysia, Vietnam, Russia and North Korea. […]

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  Interesting Facts about Gorillas Gorillas develop twice as fast as humans. Gorillas share 95% of our human genome. A group of gorillas is called troop. The Western Lowland Gorilla is the subspecies that is often found in zoos. American zoologist George B. Schaller was the first scientist to study and observe gorillas. He published […]

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Population According to the IUCN as of 2004 there were 600 wild Bactrian camels in China and 350 in Mongolia. Population trend is decreasing. Name Scientific name: Camelus ferus. Camelus from the Latin camelus and the Greek Kamelos for “camel”. Ferus from the Greek word ferus meaning “savage” or “wild”. Common name: Mongolian wild camel, wild […]

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